Feast of Atonement
Dr., I am only beginning to understand something of the seven Jewish feasts, which the Israeli males were/are(?) to observe in Jerusalem: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost (Weeks), Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year), Atonement (Yom Kippur: Acceptable Blood), and Tabernacles (Sukkot/In-gathering of the harvest).
Don’t stop now, before I know more, please. Yes, we are promised that we need only ask for wisdom and God will give it, without “upbraiding” us. Jesus fulfilled each feast on the exact day of that feast, and all within the same year. The last three feasts are solely religious feasts. The Feast of Tabernacles is the only one of the seven yet to be fulfilled. Atonement for sin can only be made when there is acceptable payment or punishment for the sin(s), ie., life proceeds out of death, such as when a seed dies in the earth then produces new life.
Human life comes only when acceptable blood is offered for a death. The wages of sin is death and “all have sinned and come short of God’s glory (Rom 3.23). Jesus’ blood (life) sacrifice of Himself is an acceptable blood offering for human sins, ie., His perfect, unblemished, and sinless life paid the penalty. He made Atonement for our sins. The Feast is celebrated for only one day rather than seven as with the Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah). Important scripture: Lev 23. 23-32 describes the feasts. The one time/one day Feast of Atonement tells us that it need not be repeated. Heb 9. 24-26: “Christ… once, in the end of the ages, hath appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.” Heb 10 .10: “By which will (of God) we are sanctified…once for all.” Yom Kippur to now simply rolled away the sins of Israel from one year to the next, but not forever, see Heb 10. 1-3. Jesus sacrifice for atonement of sin was one time for all time.
For all who believe it, is both a legal and an experiential truth. Meaning for us: See Rom 11. 25b-31: “Blindness in part is happened to Israel until the fullness of the gentiles be come in and so all Israel shall be saved… for this is my covenant with them, when I shall take away their sins. They are enemies for your (gentiles) sakes: they are beloved for their fathers’ (of Israelis) sakes. Through your mercy (gentiles) they may also obtain mercy.” Our testimonies and proclamation of the gospel make Israel jealous, so they will understand and believe and thus be saved, ie., the remnant . Just as the Passover, Unleavened Bread, and Pentecost prophetically pictured the first coming of the Messiah, so Trumpets, Yom Kippur (the day of Atonement) and Tabernacles picture His second coming.
When Israel, collectively or/and one by one, understand the Day of Atonement and accept Jesus as Messiah, the remnant of Israel will be saved. God’s blue print becomes very vivid in the celebration of the feasts. In 2010, Atonement is 9-17. Trumpets was 9-8-10 and Tabernacles is five days after Atonement. The last feast I’ll leave for another time. Why Trumpets and Atonement? These feasts stress that people are to turn to God and begin with a clean slate. The gates of repentance are to remain open until the Day of Atonement, at which time God’s judgment decides one’s fate. Ten days of awe, when one searches himself, can repent and do some good deed to assure that his name will be in the book of life for the next year.
A previous discussion on the Feast of Trumpets explains that more so. Trumpets never falls on Wed., Fri., or Sun. so as not to interfere with Sabbath preparation. Yom Kippur (Atonement) never falls on Fri., Sun., or Tues. It Must be observed on it’s appointed day denoted in the Bible. The Jewish calendar marks them accordingly. Atonement is a day of total fast (no water) and prayer from sundown to sundown. The Talit (prayer shawl; one’s closet) is worn for praying face to face with the Father (selah: look at me eye to eye and listen ) during the feast. The shofar is blown with variations of short blasts, long blasts, and wavering blasts. On Trumpets, only a long blast is blown The blasts are seen as blessings being pronounced.
The Hallel is not said: one’s destiny and fate are not yet decided. Rx for life: Follow the meaning of the feasts, especially for you who believe in Jesus as Messiah: The Church will have fulfilled its mission when all the remnant of Israel is saved. As CPAs (Christ’s Personal; Ambassadors) we are given the privilege to proclaim the gospel to effect the kingdom of God. Questions an comments welcome.
Lyn Barnes, CH(LTC) USA Ret, DMin, MDiv, MS, BS, USACGSC, USACHSCH, MOG